COMMD proteins, a novel family of structural and functional homologs of MURR1

Ezra Burstein, Jamie E. Hoberg, Amanda S. Wilkinson, Julie M. Rumble, Rebecca A. Csomos, Christine M. Komarck, Gabriel N. Maine, John C. Wilkinson, Marty W. Mayo, Colin S. Duckett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

187 Scopus citations

Abstract

MURR1 is a multifunctional protein that inhibits nuclear factor κB (NF-κB), a transcription factor with pleiotropic functions affecting innate and adaptive immunity, apoptosis, cell cycle regulation, and oncogenesis. Here we report the discovery of a new family of proteins with homology to MURR1. These proteins form multimeric complexes and were identified in a biochemical screen for MURR1-associated factors. The family is defined by the presence of a conserved and unique motif termed the COMM (copper metabolism gene MURR1) domain, which functions as an interface for protein-protein interactions. Like MURR1, several of these factors also associate with and inhibit NF-κB. The proteins designated as COMMD or COMM domain containing 1-10 are extensively conserved in multicellular eukaryotic organisms and define a novel family of structural and functional homologs of MURR1. The prototype of this family, MURR1/COMMD1, suppresses NF-κB not by affecting nuclear translocation or binding of NF-κB to cognate motifs; rather, it functions in the nucleus by affecting the association of NF-κB with chromatin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)22222-22232
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume280
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 10 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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