Purpose of review: Elbow injuries are common in children who fall on an outstretched upper extremity during play. The treatment techniques for many injuries have evolved to the point where excellent or good outcomes can be expected in most children treated in a timely fashion. However, some injuries are prone to late sequelae, which may necessitate reconstructive treatment. Recent findings: This article reviews recent developments in the evaluation, management, complications, and outcomes of common pediatric elbow injuries. Fixation techniques of fractures are reviewed and compared. Summary: The information in this review may help orthopedic surgeons who encounter these injuries to further improve their treatment methods. Further research is needed to continue to refine these methods and reduce the incidence of adverse sequelae.
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