Comparative Ability of the Pain Disability Questionnaire in Predicting Health Outcomes

Ben Lippe, Robert J. Gatchel, Carl Noe, Richard Robinson, Elizabeth Huber, Stephanie Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

As chronic pain contributes to tremendous personal and societal costs, efforts at identifying and understanding pain-related disability via the biopsychosocial model have become increasingly important in addressing pain-related health outcomes. This study attempted to compare the predictive ability of the Pain Disability Questionnaire against other established measures in terms of health and pain-related outcomes. The sample consisted of 254 adult chronic pain patients seeking treatment through an interdisciplinary chronic pain management clinic. Participants were administered a battery of assessments including the Pain Disability Questionnaire and other established measures of health and pain-related outcomes (e.g., NIH PROMIS measures) at baseline and post-treatment time points. Results demonstrated convergent validity between the Pain Disability Questionnaire and the other study measures. Hierarchical regression analyses revealed significant associations between pain-related disability as measured by the Pain Disability Questionnaire and a range of biopsychosocial outcomes. Pain Disability Questionnaire scores, as placed in categorical severity levels, demonstrated good discriminative abilities in terms of predicting health-related factors. These findings support the clinical use of the Pain Disability Questionnaire as an empirically supported predictor of health-related outcomes as compared with other established measures of pain and health outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)63-81
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Applied Biobehavioral Research
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Cultural Studies

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