Background: Linezolid has been directly compared to vancomycin in pneumonia; however, most clinical trials have not compared outcomes specifically in the healthcare-associated pneumonia (HCAP) population. The objective of this study was to compare the effectiveness of vancomycin and linezolid in a national cohort of hospitalized veterans with HCAP. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study of Veterans Health Administration patients admitted to >150 hospitals across the United States between 2002 and 2007. Patients were included if they were at least 65 years old, had an ICD-9-CM code for pneumonia, had one or more HCAP risk factors, and received guideline-concordant antibiotic therapy with linezolid or vancomycin within 48 h of admission. Critically ill patients were excluded. Multivariable logistic regression models and propensity scores were used to examine the association between linezolid or vancomycin therapy and 30-day mortality. Results: A total of 1211 patients met study criteria; 946 received vancomycin and 265 received linezolid. Thirty-day mortality was higher in patients treated with vancomycin (n = 243; 25.7 %) as compared to linezolid (n = 33; 12.5 %) (adjusted OR 2.56; 95 % CI 1.67-4.04). Vancomycin use (n = 945) was also predictive of 30-day mortality compared to linezolid use (n = 264) in the propensity score analysis (adjusted OR 2.55; 95 % CI 1.66-4.02). Conclusion: Linezolid was associated with decreased patient mortality compared to vancomycin in a national cohort of non-critically ill, hospitalized veterans with HCAP.
- Antibiotic therapy
- Healthcare-associated infections
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)