Comparative effects of methylmalonyl coenzyme A on fatty acid synthetase derived from rat and man

E. P. Frenkel, R. L. Kitchens

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Abstract

The effect of methylmalonyl CoA on fatty acid synthetase activity was compared on enzyme derived from rats and man. Partially purified fatty acid synthetase from both sources was shown to be strikingly similar. Enzyme from both sources catalyzed propionyl CoA equally well (approximately 90% the rate of acetyl CoA at equimolar concentrations), giving rise to odd-chain fatty acids. Neither enzyme catalyzed methylmalonyl CoA in measurable activities over a wide range of concentrations. Michaelis constants for malonyl CoA were essentially the same (K(m) = 4 x 10-5 and 3 x 10-5 M for rat and human liver, respectively). Methylmalonyl CoA was demonstrated to be a competitive inhibitor of malonyl CoA, with K(i) values of 2.4 x 10-5 M for the enzyme from both sources. Human liver fatty acid synthetase was immunoreactive with antiserum prepared against purified rat liver fatty acid synthetase.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)151-154
Number of pages4
JournalProceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine
Volume156
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1977

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Fatty Acid Synthases
Rats
Liver
Malonyl Coenzyme A
Enzymes
Acetyl Coenzyme A
Immune Sera
Fatty Acids
methylmalonyl-coenzyme A

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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Comparative effects of methylmalonyl coenzyme A on fatty acid synthetase derived from rat and man. / Frenkel, E. P.; Kitchens, R. L.

In: Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine, Vol. 156, No. 1, 1977, p. 151-154.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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