Comparison between Whole and Intact Parathyroid Hormone Assays

Masatomo Taniguchi, Motoko Tanaka, Takayuki Hamano, Shohei Nakanishi, Hideki Fujii, Hitoshi Kato, Fumihiko Koiwa, Ryoichi Ando, Naoki Kimata, Takashi Akiba, Takashi Kono, Keitaro Yokoyama, Takashi Shigematsu, Takatoshi Kakuta, Junichiro James Kazama, Yoshihiro Tominaga, Masafumi Fukagawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

The standard measurement of parathyroid hormone (PTH) is the intact PTH (iPTH) assay, which is used for approximately 90% of Japanese dialysis patients. The iPTH assay reacts not only with 1-84PTH, but also with large truncated fragments of non-1-84PTH, including 7-84PTH. On the other hand, the whole PTH assay is specific for 1-84PTH. The aim of the current study was to define the validity of both whole and intact PTH assays. A total of 738 hemodialysis patients were enrolled from twelve dialysis services. The serum PTH level was evaluated by both intact and whole PTH assays simultaneously. Non-1-84PTH was determined by subtracting the whole PTH value from that of the intact PTH assay. The median level of whole PTH was 121pg/mL, and that of iPTH was 210pg/mL. The whole PTH assay had a very high correlation with the iPTH assay (r=0.870, P<0.001). For 43 out of 738 patients (5.8%) the value for intact PTH-whole PTH was <0. Both assays significantly correlated with non-1-84PTH (P<0.001), while the iPTH assay, particularly, had a very high correlation with non-1-84PTH (r=0.791). As a whole, 18% of the total population was misclassified into a different Japanese guideline category. Stratified by Japanese guideline classifications, 28% of patients within an iPTH target range were misclassified. Using Bland-Altman plot analysis, as the serum PTH level increased, there was a large difference between two assays. Both PTH assays correlate strongly, although the whole PTH assay may be more useful for precise evaluation of PTH function than the iPTH assay.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)42-49
Number of pages8
JournalTherapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
Volume15
Issue numberSUPPL.1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2011

Keywords

  • Intact parathyroid hormone
  • N-parathyroid hormone
  • Non-1-84 parathyroid hormone
  • Whole parathyroid hormone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Nephrology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Comparison between Whole and Intact Parathyroid Hormone Assays'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Taniguchi, M., Tanaka, M., Hamano, T., Nakanishi, S., Fujii, H., Kato, H., Koiwa, F., Ando, R., Kimata, N., Akiba, T., Kono, T., Yokoyama, K., Shigematsu, T., Kakuta, T., Kazama, J. J., Tominaga, Y., & Fukagawa, M. (2011). Comparison between Whole and Intact Parathyroid Hormone Assays. Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis, 15(SUPPL.1), 42-49. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-9987.2011.00926.x