Comparison of antimicrobial activity between ceftolozane–tazobactam and ceftazidime–avibactam against multidrug-resistant isolates of Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Adnan Alatoom, Hashim Elsayed, Karen Lawlor, Laila AbdelWareth, Rania El-Lababidi, Lysettee Cardona, Mohammad Mooty, Maria Fernanda Bonilla, Ahmad Nusair, Imran Mirza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective This study compared the activity of ceftolozane–tazobactam and ceftazidime–avibactam against 120 bacterial strains, including extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) producers, carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE), and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, isolated from patients admitted to Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. Methods In vitro susceptibility was tested using the Etest strip minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) method, and PCR was used to characterize the carbapenemase enzymes produced by CRE strains. Results All 29 ESBL isolates were susceptible to ceftazidime–avibactam (MIC50 0.125 μg/ml), whereas all but one were susceptible to ceftolozane–tazobactam (MIC50 0.38 μg/ml). Twenty-seven (45%) CRE isolates were susceptible to ceftazidime–avibactam (MIC50 ≥256 μg/ml), whereas only six (10%) isolates were susceptible to ceftolozane–tazobactam (MIC50 ≥256 μg/ml). Very few NDM-1 isolates were susceptible to ceftazidime–avibactam, whereas the majority of OXA-48 isolates were susceptible. Twenty-nine (94%) P. aeruginosa isolates were susceptible to ceftazidime–avibactam (MIC50 1.5 μg/ml), whereas 30 (97%) isolates were susceptible to ceftolozane–tazobactam (MIC50 0.75 μg/ml). Conclusions Ceftolozane–tazobactam and ceftazidime–avibactam showed comparable activity against ESBL and P. aeruginosa, with ceftazidime–avibactam having lower MICs against ESBL isolates and ceftolozane–tazobactam having lower MICs against P. aeruginosa. Ceftazidime–avibactam showed better activity against all CRE isolates except for those carrying the NDM-1 enzyme.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)39-43
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Infectious Diseases
Volume62
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2017

Keywords

  • Ceftazidime–avibactam
  • Ceftolozane–tazobactam
  • Gram-negative bacteria
  • Multidrug resistance
  • carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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