99mTc-phosphonate structures are well established tracers for bone tumour imaging. Our objective was to investigate different 68Ga-labelled phosphonate ligands concerning labelling kinetics, binding to hydroxyapatite and bone imaging using μ-PET. Seven macrocyclic phosphoruscontaining ligands and EDTMP were labelled in nanomolar scale with n.c.a. 68Ga in Na-HEPES buffer at pH ∼ 4. Except for DOTP, all ligands were labelled with > 92% yield. Binding of the 68Ga-ligand complexes on hydroxyapatite was analysed to evaluate the effect of the number of the phosphorus acid groups on adsorption parameters. Adsorption of 68Ga-EDTMP and 68Ga-DOTP was > 83%. For the 68Ga-NOTA-phosphonates an increasing binding with increasing number of phosphonate groups was observed but was still lower than 68Ga-DOTP and 68Ga-EDTMP. μ-PET studies in vivo were performed with 68Ga-EDTMP and 68Ga-DOTP with Wistar rats. While 68Ga-EDTMP-PET showed uptake on bone structures, an excess amount of the ligand (> 1.5 mg EDTMP/kg body weight) had to be used, otherwise the 68Ga3+ is released from the complex and forms gallium hydroxide or it is transchelated to 68Ga-transferrin. As a result, the main focus of further phosphonate structures has to be on complex formation in high radiochemical yields with macrocyclic ligands with phosphonate groups that are not required for complexing 68Ga.
- Bone metastases
- Complex formation
- Macrocylic ligands
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry