Comparison of outcomes in early-stage uterine clear cell carcinoma and serous carcinoma

Minsi Zhang, T. Jonathan Yang, Neil B. Desai, Deborah DeLair, Marisa A. Kollmeier, Vicky Makker, Mario M. Leitao, Nadeem R. Abu-Rustum, Kaled M. Alektiar

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1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: The treatment paradigm for uterine clear cell carcinoma is often linked to serous carcinoma. This study compares oncologic outcomes between women with uterine clear cell and serous carcinoma. Methods and Materials: We reviewed 114 women with stage I–II uterine clear cell carcinoma (n = 17, 15%) or serous carcinoma (n = 97, 85%) who underwent hysterectomy and salpingo-oophorectomy at our institution from April 1992 to December 2011; 86 (76%) had stage IA, 14 (12%) had stage IB, and 14 (12%) had stage II disease. Median followup was 57 months. Results: Patients with uterine clear cell and serous carcinoma did not differ significantly by age ≥60 years, stage, or rate of lymphovascular invasion. There was no difference in the number of patients with clear cell or serous histology who received adjuvant radiotherapy (71% vs. 84%, respectively; p = 0.31); however, significantly fewer patients with clear cell histology received adjuvant chemotherapy (35% vs. 67%, respectively; p = 0.02). At 5 years, there were no significant differences in disease-free survival (94% vs. 84%, respectively; p = 0.27), disease-specific survival (100% vs. 92%, respectively; p = 0.20), or overall survival (100% vs. 89%, respectively; p = 0.34). The differences in chemotherapy utilization did not impact pattern of relapse, specifically peritoneal spread (7% vs. 6%, respectively; p = 0.92) or other distant sites (0% vs. 9%, respectively; p = 0.17). Conclusions: Oncologic outcomes and recurrence patterns of women with stage I–II uterine clear cell carcinoma compared favorably with those of women with serous carcinoma, despite significantly less adjuvant chemotherapy use. Potential reduction in adjuvant therapy in women with clear cell carcinoma should be studied prospectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)38-43
Number of pages6
JournalBrachytherapy
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • Chemotherapy
  • Early-stage endometrial cancer
  • Radiation therapy
  • Uterine clear cell carcinoma
  • Uterine serous cell carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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    Zhang, M., Yang, T. J., Desai, N. B., DeLair, D., Kollmeier, M. A., Makker, V., Leitao, M. M., Abu-Rustum, N. R., & Alektiar, K. M. (2019). Comparison of outcomes in early-stage uterine clear cell carcinoma and serous carcinoma. Brachytherapy, 18(1), 38-43. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brachy.2018.08.015