Background Multiple attempts to pass guidewires and balloons across totally occluded segments may result in significant mechanical trauma and higher rates of coronary complications in patients undergoing PCI (percutaneous coronary intervention) for CTOs (chronic total occlusion). It is unknown whether these procedural complications affect short-term survival and in-hospital clinical outcomes after the PCI. The goal of this analysis was to clarify this issue by comparing the rates of adverse in-hospital clinical outcomes between successful and failed CTO-PCI groups. Methods We performed a meta-analysis of 25 studies (16,490 patients) to determine the rates of in-hospital death, myocardial infarction (MI), major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), and urgent CABG (coronary artery bypass grafting) for the successful and failed CTO-PCI groups. Results Compared to successful CTO PCI, failed CTO PCI procedures were associated with higher in-hospital mortality (1.44% versus 0.5%) [relative risk (RR) of 2.88, 95% confidence interval [CI] (1.96-4.24), P < 0.001], a higher risk of in-hospital MACE (8.88% versus 3.75%) [RR of 2.25, CI (1.69-2.98), P < 0.001], slightly higher risk of in-hospital MI (3.17% versus 2.4%) [RR of 1.35, CI (1.03-1.78), P = 0.03] and increased need for urgent CABG (4.0% versus 0.5%) [RR of 6.67, CI (4.26-10.43), P < 0.001]. Furthermore, higher rates of coronary perforations [RR of 5.0, CI (3.93-6.59), P < 0.001] and cardiac tamponade [RR of 5.0, CI (1.97-12.69), P < 0.001] were observed in the unsuccessful PCI arm. Conclusions As compared to successful interventions, failed PCI attempts for CTOs appear to be associated with higher risk of adverse short-term clinical outcomes.
- chronic total occlusions
- percutaneous coronary intervention
- peri-procedural complications
- short-term outcomes
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine