Despite increasing complexity of contemporary procedures at tertiary care hospitals, the relationship between interventional cardiology fellows-in-training (ICFITs) and complications of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has not been reported. We compiled logbooks of 6 ICFITs at an academic hospital and evaluated patient and procedural characteristics of PCIs performed with and without presence of an ICFIT. The primary end point was the composite of all in-hospital PCI complications defined by the American College of Cardiology's National Cardiovascular Data Registry: (1) catheterization laboratory events such as no-reflow and dissection/perforation, (2) general clinical events such as stroke or cardiogenic shock, (3) vascular and bleeding complications, and (4) miscellaneous complications such as peak troponin or creatinine levels. Logistic regression adjusted for differences in measured confounders between patients treated with and without presence of an ICFIT. All analyses were repeated after excluding PCI for ST-elevation myocardial infarction. Of 2,605 PCI procedures at the academic hospital between July 2007 and April 2010, an ICFIT was present for 1,638 procedures (63%). Despite having worse clinical and procedural characteristics, patients in the ICFIT group experienced similar rates of the composite end point (12.9% vs 14.5% without ICFIT, p = 0.27). Longer mean fluoroscopy times and greater number of stents were noted in the ICFIT group; however, hospital length of stay was shorter and no individual adverse events were increased in the ICFIT procedures. Presence of an ICFIT remained unrelated to the composite end point after multivariable adjustment (odds ratio 0.92, 95% confidence interval 0.71 to 1.20; p = 0.53), and findings were similar after excluding PCI for ST-elevation myocardial infarction. In conclusion, in contemporary practice at a large academic medical center, PCI complication rates were not adversely affected by the presence of an ICFIT.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine