Regional anesthesia is frequently employed in efforts to improve postoperative analgesia and reduce opioid requirements following abdominal surgery. The purpose of the current analysis was to determine if there was a difference in postoperative pain and opioid consumption between patients who underwent open total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH) and received ultrasound-guided bilateral transversus abdominis plane (TAP) blocks using either liposomal bupivacaine or ropivacaine. A single-center retrospective analysis was conducted of 215 patients from November 2018 through March 2020 who underwent an open TAH and received bilateral TAP blocks with either liposomal bupivacaine or ropivacaine. The primary outcome measure was opioid consumption at regular intervals until discharge, and the secondary outcome measures included pain scores, incidence of nausea/vomiting, and use of antiemetics at the same time intervals. Intraoperative opioid consumption and postanesthesia recovery unit opioid requirements were similar between the two groups. Opioid requirements at 24 hours (P < 0.04) and 48 hours (P < 0.01), as well as total morphine equivalent requirements (P < 0.05), were significantly lower in the liposomal bupivacaine group compared to the ropivacaine group. Patients undergoing open TAH who received liposomal bupivacaine TAP blocks required fewer postoperative opioids to achieve similar pain scores when compared to patients who received ropivacaine TAP blocks.
- Liposomal bupivacaine
- open total abdominal hysterectomy
- regional anesthesia
- transversus abdominis plane block
ASJC Scopus subject areas