Complement factor H (CFH) is a key regulator of the alternative pathway of complement and its mutations have been associated with membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis type II, atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome and age-related macular degeneration (AMD), suggesting that alternative pathway dysregulation is a common pathogenetic feature of these ocular and renal conditions. In this study we tested the hypothesis that common CFH variants have a global role in renal function in the Australian population-based Blue Mountains Eye Study (BMES). We replicated the association of I62V with estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR; P = 0.017) and creatinine clearance (CRCL; P = 0.015). The minor allele of I62V (G) was deleterious: adding one copy of the G allele decreased GFR/CRCL by ∼ 0.98 ml min-1 per 1.73 m2 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.97, 0.99). We also replicated the association of Y402H with AMD and provided an unbiased estimate of population attributable risk (PAR). The minor allele of Y402H (C) was deleterious: the odds ratio estimate of CC genotype compared to TT was 1.87 (95% CI: 1.44, 2.45). The PAR of the C allele was estimated as 0.22 (95% CI: 0.15, 0.28). In summary, in the BMES population we confirmed the association between I62V and renal function, as measured by the estimated GFR, plus the association of Y402H with both early- and late-stage AMD.
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