Comprehensive analysis of lung cancer pathology images to discover tumor shape features that predict survival outcome

Shidan Wang, Alyssa Chen, Lin Yang, Ling Cai, Yang Xie, Junya Fujimoto, Adi F Gazdar, Guanghua Xiao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Pathology slide images capture tumor histomorphological details in high resolution. However, manual detection and characterization of tumor regions in pathology slides is labor intensive and subjective. Using a deep convolutional neural network (CNN), we developed an automated tumor region recognition system for lung cancer pathology slides. From the identified regions, we extracted 22 well-defined tumor shape features and found that 15 of them were significantly associated with patient survival outcome in lung adenocarcinoma patients from the National Lung Screening Trial. A tumor shape-based prognostic model was developed and validated in an independent patient cohort (n=389). The predicted high-risk group had significantly worse survival than the low-risk group (p value = 0.0029). Predicted risk group serves as an independent prognostic factor (high-risk vs. low-risk, hazard ratio = 2.25, 95% CI 1.34-3.77, p value = 0.0022) after adjusting for age, gender, smoking status, and stage. This study provides new insights into the relationship between tumor shape and patient prognosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalUnknown Journal
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

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