Background: Several observational reports have documented both increased and decreased cardiac mortality or Q-wave myocardial infarction with drug-eluting stents compared with bare-metal stents. Methods: We sought to evaluate the safety and efficacy of drug-eluting stents compared with bare-metal stents early after intervention (<1 year) and late (>1 year) among a broad population of patients, using a meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials. Results: We identified 28 trials with a total of 10,727 patients and a mean follow-up of 29.6 months. For early outcomes (<1 year), all-cause mortality for drug-eluting stents versus bare-metal stents was 2.1% versus 2.4% (risk ratio [RR] 0.91, [95% confidence interval (CI), 0.70-1.18]; P = .47), non-Q-wave myocardial infarction was 3.3% versus 4.4% (RR 0.78 [95% CI, 0.61-1.00]; P = .055), target lesion revascularization was 5.8% versus 18.4% (RR 0.28 [95% CI, 0.21-0.38]; P <.001), and stent thrombosis was 1.1% versus 1.3% (RR 0.87 [95% CI, 0.60-1.26]; P = .47). For late outcomes (>1 year), all-cause mortality for drug-eluting stents versus bare-metal stents was 5.9% versus 5.7% (RR 1.03 [95% CI, 0.83-1.28]; P = .79), target lesion revascularization was 4.0% versus 3.3% (RR 1.22 [95% CI, 0.92-1.60]; P = .16), non-Q-wave myocardial infarction was 1.6% versus 1.2% (RR 1.36 [95% CI, 0.74-2.53]; P = .32) and stent thrombosis was 0.7% versus 0.1% (RR 4.57 [95% CI, 1.54-13.57]; P = .006). Conclusions: There was no excess mortality with drug-eluting stents. Within 1 year, drug-eluting stents appear to be safe and efficacious with possibly decreased non-Q-wave myocardial infarction compared with bare-metal stents. After 1 year, drug-eluting stents still have similar mortality, despite increased stent thrombosis. The reduction in target lesion revascularization with drug-eluting stents mainly happens within 1 year, but is sustained thereafter.
- Bare-metal stent
- Drug-eluting stent
- Percutaneous coronary intervention
- Stent thrombosis
ASJC Scopus subject areas