Computerized prediction of breast cancer risk: Comparison between the global and local bilateral mammographic tissue asymmetry

Xingwei Wang, Dror Lederman, Jun Tan, Xiao Hui Wang, Bin Zheng

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have developed and preliminarily tested a new breast cancer risk prediction model based on computerized bilateral mammographic tissue asymmetry. In this study, we investigated and compared the performance difference of our risk prediction model when the bilateral mammographic tissue asymmetrical features were extracted in two different methods namely (1) the entire breast area and (2) the mirror-matched local strips between the left and right breast. A testing dataset including bilateral craniocaudal (CC) view images of 100 negative and 100 positive cases for developing breast abnormalities or cancer was selected from a large and diverse full-field digital mammography (FFDM) image database. To detect bilateral mammographic tissue asymmetry, a set of 20 initial "global" features were extracted from the entire breast areas of two bilateral mammograms in CC view and their differences were computed. Meanwhile, a pool of 16 local histogram-based statistic features was computed from eight mirror-matched strips between the left and right breast. Using a genetic algorithm (GA) to select optimal features, two artificial neural networks (ANN) were built to predict the risk of a test case developing cancer. Using the leave-one-case-out training and testing method, two GAoptimized ANNs yielded the areas under receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves of 0.754±0.024 (using feature differences extracted from the entire breast area) and 0.726±0.026 (using the feature differences extracted from 8 pairs of local strips), respectively. The risk prediction model using either ANN is able to detect 58.3% (35/60) of cancer cases 6 to 18 months earlier at 80% specificity level. This study compared two methods to compute bilateral mammographic tissue asymmetry and demonstrated that bilateral mammographic tissue asymmetry was a useful breast cancer risk indicator with high discriminatory power.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMedical Imaging 2011
Subtitle of host publicationComputer-Aided Diagnosis
DOIs
StatePublished - May 13 2011
EventMedical Imaging 2011: Computer-Aided Diagnosis - Lake Buena Vista, FL, United States
Duration: Feb 15 2011Feb 17 2011

Publication series

NameProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
Volume7963
ISSN (Print)1605-7422

Other

OtherMedical Imaging 2011: Computer-Aided Diagnosis
CountryUnited States
CityLake Buena Vista, FL
Period2/15/112/17/11

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Keywords

  • Breast cancer
  • cancer risk assessment
  • computer-aided detection (CAD)
  • digital mammography
  • mammographic tissue density

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

Wang, X., Lederman, D., Tan, J., Wang, X. H., & Zheng, B. (2011). Computerized prediction of breast cancer risk: Comparison between the global and local bilateral mammographic tissue asymmetry. In Medical Imaging 2011: Computer-Aided Diagnosis [79631L] (Progress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE; Vol. 7963). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.876816