Conditional Human BRD4 Knock-In Transgenic Mouse Genotyping and Protein Isoform Detection

Michael Paul Lewis, Shwu Yuan Wu, Cheng Ming Chiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Bromodomain-containing protein 4 (BRD4) is an acetyl-lysine reader protein and transcriptional regulator implicated in chromatin dynamics and cancer development. Several BRD4 isoforms have been detected in humans with the long isoform (BRD4-L, aa 1-1,362) playing a tumor-suppressive role and a major short isoform (BRD4-S, aa 1-722) having oncogenic activity in breast cancer development. In vivo demonstration of the opposing functions of BRD4 protein isoforms requires development of mouse models, particularly transgenic mice conditionally expressing human BRD4-L or BRD4-S, which can be selectively induced in different mouse tissues in a spatiotemporal-specific manner. Here, we detail the procedures used to genotype transgenic mouse strains developed to define the effects of conditional human BRD4 isoform expression on polyomavirus middle T antigen (PyMT)- induced mouse mammary tumor growth, and the key steps for Western blot detection of BRD4 protein isoforms in those tumors and in cultured cells. With this protocol as a guide, interpretation of BRD4 isoform functions becomes more feasible and expandable to various biological settings. Adequate tracking of BRD4 isoform distributions in vivo and in vitro is key to understanding their biological roles, as well as avoiding misinterpretation of their functions due to improper use of experimental procedures that fail to detect their spatial and temporal distributions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere4374
JournalBio-protocol
Volume12
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 5 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • BET bromodomains
  • BRD4 isoforms
  • Breast cancer
  • Genotyping
  • Knock-in Transgenic mice
  • PyMT
  • TNBC
  • Western blotting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Plant Science

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