Connectionist networks and language disorders

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although neuropsychological localization constitutes the principal approach to the study of language disorders, there is reason to think it may not be entirely correct. Recent anatomical studies suggest that cognitive brain functions do not localize to precise anatomical locations. Connectionist (parallel distributed processing) approaches to the study of language, which emphasize the distributed nature of computational processes, may help explain the variability found in these anatomical studies, and provide a new way to approach the neurological study of language. This combined computational and empirical method focuses on the interplay between a computational model and the appropriate neurological, neuropsychological, and speech and language data, the whole couched in connectionist mechanisms that map naturally to what is known of the neurophysiological structure of the brain. This paper introduces the concepts of connectionist modeling, with emphasis on their use in understanding language disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)305-323
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Communication Disorders
Volume27
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1994
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • LPN and LVN
  • Speech and Hearing

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