Consciousness, coma, and brain death-2009

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This landmark classic article was the first to quantitatively define the clinical and laboratory criteria used to measure the presence of brain death. The study included "only those comatose individuals who have no discernible central nervous system activity." Criteria to establish the presence of irreversible coma included (1) unreceptivity and unresponsitivity; (2) no movements or breathing; (3) no reflexes (brain stem); and (4) flat electroencephalogram. These criteria are still considered to be reliable and acceptable by the medical community and have become established into law, which states that brain death is equivalent to death and that all artificial support systems sustaining heart, respiratory, and metabolic functions can be legally stopped.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1172-1174
Number of pages3
JournalJAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association
Volume301
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 18 2009

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Brain Death
Coma
Consciousness
Brain Stem
Reflex
Electroencephalography
Respiration
Central Nervous System

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Consciousness, coma, and brain death-2009. / Rosenberg, Roger N.

In: JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol. 301, No. 11, 18.03.2009, p. 1172-1174.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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