Consensus Statement on the classification of tremors. from the task force on tremor of the International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society

the Tremor Task Force of the International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society

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326 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Consensus criteria for classifying tremor disorders were published by the International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society in 1998. Subsequent advances with regard to essential tremor, tremor associated with dystonia, and other monosymptomatic and indeterminate tremors make a significant revision necessary. Objectives: Convene an international panel of experienced investigators to review the definition and classification of tremor. Methods: Computerized MEDLINE searches in January 2013 and 2015 were conducted using a combination of text words and MeSH terms: “tremor”, “tremor disorders”, “essential tremor”, “dystonic tremor”, and “classification” limited to human studies. Agreement was obtained using consensus development methodology during four in-person meetings, two teleconferences, and numerous manuscript reviews. Results: Tremor is defined as an involuntary, rhythmic, oscillatory movement of a body part and is classified along two axes: Axis 1—clinical characteristics, including historical features (age at onset, family history, and temporal evolution), tremor characteristics (body distribution, activation condition), associated signs (systemic, neurological), and laboratory tests (electrophysiology, imaging); and Axis 2—etiology (acquired, genetic, or idiopathic). Tremor syndromes, consisting of either isolated tremor or tremor combined with other clinical features, are defined within Axis 1. This classification scheme retains the currently accepted tremor syndromes, including essential tremor, and provides a framework for defining new syndromes. Conclusions: This approach should be particularly useful in elucidating isolated tremor syndromes and syndromes consisting of tremor and other signs of uncertain significance. Consistently defined Axis 1 syndromes are needed to facilitate the elucidation of specific etiologies in Axis 2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)75-87
Number of pages13
JournalMovement Disorders
Volume33
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2018

Keywords

  • classification
  • diagnostic axes
  • etiology
  • tremor
  • tremor syndromes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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