Telomerase is expressed in most types of tumor cells but not in most somatic cells, suggesting that telomerase inhibitors may be a powerful new approach to cancer chemotherapy. Here we explore this hypothesis by treating cultured human tumor cells with a 2′-O-methoxyethyl oligonucleotide that binds the telomerase RNA template and acts as a potent inhibitor. Treatment of DU145 (Rb-, p53-) and LNCaP (Rb+, p53 +) cells causes telomeres to shorten and cell proliferation to stop. Decreased cell proliferation in culture is not observed immediately but occurs after several weeks and is accompanied by telomere shortening. Antiproliferative effects are more profound for cells growing in soft agar or in colony formation assays, with 90% reduction in the colony-forming ability of LNCaP cells after less than 2 weeks of exposure to the inhibitor. Decreased growth of DU145 and LNCaP tumors and large reductions in prostate-specific antigen levels are also observed in vivo in xenograft models. Short-term treatment of cells with telomerase inhibitors does not increase the effects of standard antiproliferative agents paclitaxel, doxorubicin, etoposide, cisplatin, or carboplatin. Long-term inhibition and telomere shortening sensitize DU145 cells, but not LNCaP cells, to cisplatin or carboplatin. These results demonstrate that methoxyethyl oligomers directed against the template region of telomerase are potent agents and that significant antiproliferative effects can be observed after 2-3 weeks of treatment. Reduced cell proliferation and tumor growth support the hypothesis that telomerase inhibition can make a useful contribution to chemotherapy and should encourage broad testing of telomerase inhibitors.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - Sep 15 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research