Consonant accuracy after severe pediatric traumatic brain injury: A prospective cohort study

Thomas F. Campbell, Christine Dollaghan, Janine Janosky, Heather Leavy Rusiewicz, Steven L. Small, Frederic Dick, Jennell Vick, P. David Adelson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: The authors sought to describe longitudinal changes in Percentage of Consonants Correct-Revised (PCC-R) after severe pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI), to compare the odds of normal-range PCC-R in children injured at older and younger ages, and to correlate predictor variables and PCC-R outcomes. Method: In 56 children injured between age 1 month and 11 years, PCC-R was calculated over 12 monthly sessions beginning when the child produced ≥ 10 words. At each session, the authors compared odds of normal-range PCC-R in children injured at younger (≤ 60 months) and older (> 60 months) ages. Correlations were calculated between final PCC-R and age at injury, injury mechanism, gender, maternal education, residence, treatment, Glasgow Coma Score, and intact brain volume. Results: PCC-Rs varied within and between children. Odds of normal-range PCC-R were significantly higher for the older than for the younger group at all sessions but the first; odds of normal-range PCC-R were 9 to 33 times higher in the older group in sessions 3 to 12. Age at injury was significantly correlated with final PCC-R. Conclusion: Over a 12-month period, severe TBI had more adverse effects for children whose ages placed them in the most intensive phase of PCC-R development than for children injured later.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1023-1034
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research
Volume56
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 4 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Consonant production
  • Neuroimaging
  • Neurologic disorders
  • Pediatric traumatic brain injury
  • Phonology
  • Speech recovery
  • Speech sound disorders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Speech and Hearing

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