Constraint Induced Movement Therapy Camp for Children with Hemiplegic Cerebral Palsy Augmented by Use of an Exoskeleton to Play Games in Virtual Reality

Heather Roberts, Angela Shierk, Nancy J. Clegg, Deborah Baldwin, Linsley Smith, Paul Yeatts, Mauricio R. Delgado

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aim: To determine the acceptability and effects of a pediatric constraint induced movement therapy (P-CIMT) camp for children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy (hCP) augmented by use of an exoskeleton to play games in virtual reality (VR). Method: 31 children with hCP attended a P-CIMT camp 6 hours per day for 10 days over 2 successive weeks (60 hours) that included 30 minutes of unilateral training with the Hocoma Armeo®Spring Pediatric that combines the assistance of an exoskeleton and VR games. The primary outcome measure was the Assisting Hand Assessment (AHA); secondary outcome measures were the Melbourne Assessment of Uni-lateral Hand Function (MUUL), and the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM). Assessments were completed at pre-intervention, post-intervention, and 6 months following intervention. Results: Participants demonstrated clinically and statistically significant improvement in bimanual performance (AHA) (p <.001) and COPM Performance (p <.001) and Satisfaction with performance (p <.001). Improvement in unilateral performance (MUUL) was statistically (p <.001) but not clinically significant. Conclusions: A P-CIMT camp augmented by the Hocoma Armeo®Spring Pediatric was feasible and accepted by participants. Bimanual hand function and occupational performance improved immediately following intervention, and the treatment effects persisted 6 months following intervention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)150-165
Number of pages16
JournalPhysical and Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
Volume41
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Cerebral palsy
  • children
  • constraint induced movement therapy
  • exoskeleton
  • hemiplegia
  • virtual reality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation
  • Occupational Therapy

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