Construct and face validity of the American College of Surgeons/Association of Program Directors in Surgery laparoscopic troubleshooting team training exercise

Nabeel A. Arain, Deborah C. Hogg, Rajiv B. Gala, Ravi Bhoja, Seifu T. Tesfay, Erin M. Webb, Daniel J. Scott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations


Our aim was to develop an objective scoring system and evaluate construct and face validity for a laparoscopic troubleshooting team training exercise. Surgery and gynecology novices (n = 14) and experts (n = 10) participated. Assessments included the following: time-out, scenario decision making (SDM) score (based on essential treatments rendered and completion time), operating room communication assessment (investigator developed), line operations safety audits (teamwork), and National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationTask Load Index (workload). Significant differences were detected for SDM scores for scenarios 1 (192 vs 278; P =.01) and 3 (129 vs 225; P =.004), operating room communication assessment (67 vs 91; P =.002), and line operations safety audits (58 vs 87; P =.001), but not for time-out (46 vs 51) or scenario 2 SDM score (301 vs 322). Workload was similar for both groups and face validity (8.8 on a 10-point scale) was strongly supported. Objective decision-making scoring for 2 of 3 scenarios and communication and teamwork ratings showed construct validity. Face validity and participant feedback were excellent.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)54-62
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican journal of surgery
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012



  • Communication
  • Crew resource management (CRM)
  • Laparoscopic troubleshooting
  • Patient safety
  • Simulation
  • Team training
  • Virtual operating room (VOR)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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