Contrast-enhanced ultrasound imaging of acute changes in pancreatic cancer following targeted hyaluronan treatment

Ipek Oezdemir, Kulsoom Javed, Girdhari Rijal, Kenneth Hoyt

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to monitor acute changes in pancreatic tumor perfusion with contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) imaging following targeted hyaluronan (HA) treatment. Intratumoral accumulation of HA is one of contributing factors that can lead to an increased tumor interstitial pressure (TIP). These elevated TIP levels can hinder delivery of chemotherapeutic drugs and cause treatment failure. For this study, pancreatic cancer-bearing mice were imaged at baseline and again at 2 h after intravenous administration of physiological saline (control group) or PEGPH20, which targets HA (therapy group). CEUS data were collected for 5 min and the temporal sequence was first analyzed using a singular value filter (SVF) to remove any background clutter signal. Given the time history of contrast agent flow, a tumor perfusion parametric analysis was performed. A series of morphological image operations was applied to quantify structural features of the tumor angiogenic network including vessel count, density, length, diameter, tortuosity, and branching points. After imaging, animals were euthanized, and tumors excised for histological processing. Acute microvascular changes were found at 2 h after drug administration as confirmed by CEUS imaging. Further, histologic analysis of tumor sections revealed lower HA accumulation in the therapy group animals. Overall, these findings suggest that CEUS imaging of acute changes in tumor perfusion may help identify an optimal window whereby follow-up chemotherapeutic drug dosing would be more effective.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2019 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS 2019
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Pages2303-2306
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781728145969
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2019
Externally publishedYes
Event2019 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS 2019 - Glasgow, United Kingdom
Duration: Oct 6 2019Oct 9 2019

Publication series

NameIEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS
Volume2019-October
ISSN (Print)1948-5719
ISSN (Electronic)1948-5727

Conference

Conference2019 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS 2019
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityGlasgow
Period10/6/1910/9/19

Keywords

  • cancer
  • hyaluronan
  • microbubble contrast agent
  • microvascular networks
  • ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

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