Exercise represents an energetic challenge to whole-body homeostasis. In skeletal muscle, exercise activates a variety of signaling pathways that culminate in the nucleus to regulate genes involved in metabolism and contractility; however, much remains to be learned about the transcriptional effectors of exercise. Mediator is a multiprotein complex that links signal-dependent transcription factors and other transcriptional regulators with the basal transcriptional machinery, thereby serving as a transcriptional “hub.” In this article, we discuss recent studies highlighting the role of Mediator subunits in metabolic regulation and glucose metabolism, as well as exercise responsiveness. Elucidation of the roles of Mediator subunits in metabolic control has revealed new mechanisms and molecular targets for the modulation of metabolism and metabolic disorders.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)