Converting lymphoma cells into potent antigen-presenting cells for interferon-induced tumor regression

Jing Liao, Yan Luan, Zhenhua Ren, Xiaojuan Liu, Diyuan Xue, Hairong Xu, Zhichen Sun, Kaiting Yang, Hua Peng, Yang Xin Fu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Anti-hCD20 is a therapeutic mAb that is clinically used to treat B-cell lymphoma. Some lymphomas are resistant to anti-hCD20; others relapse after treatment with anti-hCD20. Using a syngeneic immunocompetent mouse model, we observed that targeting lymphoma with interferon-α (IFNα) abolished resistance of B-cell lymphoma to anti-CD20 while limiting interferon (IFN)- associated systemic toxicity in the host. Control of tumors by a fusion of anti-CD20 and IFNα (anti-CD20-IFNα) depended on existing tumor-infiltrating CD8+ T cells. Although lymphomas were resistant to IFN-directed killing, IFN-exposed tumor cells became the dominant antigen-presenting cells (APC) for the reactivation of tumor-infiltrating CD8+ T cells that then controlled those lymphomas. Anti-CD20-IFNα also abolished checkpoint blockade resistance in advanced B-cell lymphoma. Our findings indicate that anti-CD20-IFNα eradicates B-cell lymphoma by employing tumor cells as APCs to reactivate tumor-infiltrating CD8+ T cells and synergizing with anti-PD-L1 treatment. Cancer Immunol Res; 5(7); 560-70.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)560-570
Number of pages11
JournalCancer immunology research
Volume5
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Cancer Research

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