Cooperative transcriptional activation by serum response factor and the high mobility group protein SSRP1

Jeffrey A. Spencer, Margaret H. Baron, Eric N. Olson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Scopus citations


Serum response factor (SRF) is a MADS box transcription factor that controls a wide range of genes involved in cell proliferation and differentiation. The MADS box mediates homodimerization and binding of SRF to the consensus sequence CC(A/T)6GG, known as a CArG box, which is found in the control regions of numerous serum-inducible and muscle-specific genes. Using a modified yeast one-hybrid screen to identify potential SRF cofactors, we found that SRF interacts with the high mobility group factor SSRP1 (structure-specific recognition protein). This interaction, which occurs in yeast and mammalian cells, is mediated through the MADS box of SRF and a basic region of SSRP1 encompassing amino acids 489-542, immediately adjacent to the high mobility group domain. SSRP1 does not bind the CArG box, but interaction of SSRP1 with SRF dramatically increases the DNA binding activity of SRF, resulting in synergistic transcriptional activation of native and artificial SRF-dependent promoters. These results reveal an important role for SSRP1 as a coregulator of SRF-dependent transcription in mammalian cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15686-15693
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number22
StatePublished - May 28 1999


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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