Coping strategies as a mediator of internet-delivered psychosocial treatment: Secondary analysis from a NIDA CTN multisite effectiveness trial

Annie Lévesque, Aimee N C Campbell, Martina Pavlicova, Mei Chen Hu, Robrina Walker, Erin A. McClure, Udi E. Ghitza, Genie Bailey, Maxine Stitzer, Edward V. Nunes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective Coping strategies are a predictor of abstinence among patients with substance use disorders. However, little is known regarding the role of coping strategies in the effectiveness of the Community Reinforcement Approach (CRA). Using data from a 12 week randomized control trial assessing the effectiveness of the Therapeutic Education System (TES), an internet-delivered version of the CRA combined with contingency management, we tested the role of coping strategies as a mediator of treatment effectiveness. Methods 507 participants entering 10 outpatient addiction treatment programs received either treatment-as-usual (TAU), a counselor-delivered treatment (Arm 1), or reduced TAU plus TES wherein 2 h of TAU per week were replaced by TES (Arm 2). Abstinence from drugs and alcohol was evaluated using urine toxicology and self-report. Coping strategies were measured using the Coping Strategies Scale-Brief Version. Mediation analyses were done following Baron and Kenny's and path analysis approaches. Results The average baseline coping strategies scores were not significantly different between the two treatment arms. Overall, TES intervention was significantly associated with higher coping strategies scores when accounting for baseline scores (F1,1342 = 8.3, p = 0.004). Additionally, higher coping strategies scores at week 12 were associated with an increased likelihood of abstinence during the last 4 weeks of the treatment, while accounting for treatment assignment and baseline abstinence. The effect of TES intervention on abstinence was no longer significant after controlling for coping strategies scores at week 12. Conclusion Our results support the importance of coping skills as a partial mediator of the effectiveness of an internet-version of the CRA combined with contingency management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)74-80
Number of pages7
JournalAddictive Behaviors
Volume65
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2017

Keywords

  • Behavioral therapies
  • Community reinforcement approach
  • Coping strategies
  • Internet-delivered treatment
  • Substance use disorders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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    Lévesque, A., Campbell, A. N. C., Pavlicova, M., Hu, M. C., Walker, R., McClure, E. A., Ghitza, U. E., Bailey, G., Stitzer, M., & Nunes, E. V. (2017). Coping strategies as a mediator of internet-delivered psychosocial treatment: Secondary analysis from a NIDA CTN multisite effectiveness trial. Addictive Behaviors, 65, 74-80. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2016.09.012