Radiographic and histometric evaluation of a new form of bone- graft substitute derived from reef-building sea coral was performed in a canine metaphyseal defect model. Blocks of this material were implanted into the proximal tibia! metaphyses of eight dogs, with radiographic densitometry and harvesting performed at two, four, six, and 12 months. Histometric analysis demonstrated progressive apposition of host compact bone at the margins and trabecular bone at the interior of the implants with time following surgery. Corrected transmission density determinations correlated significantly with degree of osseous ingrowth (R =0.78), void volume fraction (R = 0.88), and postoperative interval (R = 0.88). These results support the successful early application of coralline hydroxyapatite bone-graft substitutes as an alternative to autogenous grafting in the clinical setting, and indicate that the course of incorporation into host bone can be nonin- vasively monitored using densitometric techniques.
- Bones, radiography
- Bones, surgery
- Fractures, therapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging