Correlation of renin angiotensin and aldosterone system activity with subcutaneous and visceral adiposity: The framingham heart study

Conall M. O'Seaghdha, Shih Jen Hwang, Ramachandran S. Vasan, Martin G. Larson, Udo Hoffmann, Thomas J. Wang, Caroline S. Fox

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Animal studies suggest that local adipocyte-mediated activity of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) contributes to circulating levels, and may promote the development of obesity-related hypertension in rodents.Methods: We examined relations of systemic RAAS activity, as assessed by circulating plasma renin activity (PRA), serum aldosterone level, and aldosterone:renin ratio (ARR), with specific regional adiposity measures in a large, community-based sample. Third Generation Framingham Heart Study participants underwent multidetector computed tomography assessment of SAT and VAT volumes during Exam 1 (2002 and 2005). PRA and serum aldosterone were measured after approximately 10 minutes of supine rest; results were log-transformed for analysis. Correlation coefficients between log-transformed RAAS measures and adiposity measurements were calculated, adjusted for age and sex. Partial correlations between log-transformed RAAS measures and adiposity measurements were also calculated, adjusted for standard CVD risk factors.Results: Overall, 992 women and 897 men were analyzed (mean age 40 years; 7% hypertension; 3% diabetes). No associations were observed with SAT (renin r = 0.04, p = 0.1; aldosterone r = -0.01, p = 0.6) or VAT (renin r = 0.03, p = 0.2; aldosterone r = -0.03, p = 0.2). Similar results were observed for ARR, in sex-stratified analyses, and for BMI and waist circumference. Non-significant partial correlations were also observed in models adjusted for standard cardiovascular risk factors.Conclusions: Regional adiposity measures were not associated with circulating measures of RAAS activity in this large population-based study. Further studies are required to determine whether adipocyte-derived RAAS components contribute to systemic RAAS activity in humans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number3
JournalBMC Endocrine Disorders
Volume12
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 4 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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