Our previous studies have shown that oxygen inhalation significantly reduces tumor hypoxia in the moderately well-differentiated HI subline of the Dunning prostate R3327 rat carcinoma. To test our hypothesis that modifying hypoxia could improve the radiosensitivity of these tumors, we performed experimental radio-therapy to compare the tumor response to ionizing radiation alone or in combination with oxygen inhalation. Tumor pO2 measurements were performed on size-selected tumors several hours before radiotherapy using 19F nuclear magnetic resonance echo planar imaging relaxometry (FREDOM) of the reporter molecule hexafluorobenzene. In common with our previous findings, the larger tumors (>3.5 cm3) exhibited greater hypoxia than the smaller tumors (<2 cm3; P < 0.001), and oxygen inhalation reduced the hypoxic fraction (<10 Torr): In the larger tumors, hypoxic fraction dropped significantly from a mean baseline value of 80% to 17% (P < 0.001). The effect of oxygen administered 30 min before and during irradiation on tumor response to a single 30-Gy dose of photons was evaluated by growth delay. For the smaller tumors, no difference in growth delay was found when treatment was given with or without oxygen breathing. By contrast, breathing oxygen before and during irradiation significantly enhanced the growth delay in the larger tumors (additional 51 days). The differential behavior may be attributed to the low baseline hypoxic fraction (< 10 Torr) in small tumors (20%) as a target for oxygen inhalation. There was a strong correlation between the estimated initial pO2 value and the radiation-induced tumor growth delay (R > 0.8). Our histological studies showed a good match between the perfused vessels marked by Hoechst 33342 dye and the total vessels immunostained by anti-CD31 and indicated extensive perfusion in this tumor line. In summary, the present results suggest that the ability to detect modulation of tumor pO2, in particular, the residual hypoxic fraction, with respect to an intervention, could have prognostic value for predicting the efficacy of radiotherapy.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|State||Published - May 1 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging