COX-2-dependent and -independent biosynthesis of dihydroxy-arachidonic acids in activated human leukocytes

Noemi Tejera, William E. Boeglin, Takashi Suzuki, Claus Schneider

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Biosynthesis of 5,15-dihydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (5,15-diHETE) in leukocytes involves consecutive oxygenation of arachidonic acid by 5-lipoxygenase (LOX) and 15-LOX in either order. Here, we analyzed the contribution of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 to the biosynthesis of 5,15-di-HETE and 5,11-diHETE in isolated human leukocytes activated with lipopolysaccharide and calcium ionophore A23187. Transformation of arachidonic acid was initiated by 5-LOX providing 5 S -HETE as a substrate for COX-2 forming 5 S,15 S -diHETE, 5 S,15 R -diHETE, and 5 S,11 R -di-HETE as shown by LC/MS and chiral phase HPLC analyses. The levels of 5,15-diHETE were 0.45 ± 0.2 ng/106 cells (mean ± SEM, n = 6), reaching about half the level of LTB 4 (1.3 ± 0.5 ng/106 cells, n = 6). The COX-2 specific inhibitor NS-398 reduced the levels of 5,15-diHETE to below 0.02 ng/106 cells in four of six samples. Similar reduction was achieved by MK-886, an inhibitor of 5-LOX activating protein but the above differences were not statistically significant. Aspirin treatment of the activated cells allowed formation of 5,15-diHETE (0.1 ± 0.05 ng/106 cells, n = 6) but, as expected, abolished formation of 5,11-diHETE. The mixture of activated cells also produced 5 S,12 S -diHETE with the unusual 6 E,8 Z,10 E double bond configuration, implicating biosynthesis by 5-LOX and 12-LOX activity rather than by hydrolysis of the leukotriene A 4 -epoxide. Exogenous octadeuterated 5 S -HETE and 15 S -HETE were converted to 5,15-diHETE, implicating that multiple oxygenation pathways of arachidonic acid occur in activated leukocytes. The contribution of COX-2 to the biosynthesis of dihydroxylated derivatives of arachidonic acid provides evidence for functional coupling with 5-LOX in activated human leukocytes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)87-94
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of lipid research
Volume53
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 15-lipoxygenase
  • 5-lipoxygenase
  • Aspirin
  • Leukotriene
  • Prostaglandin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Cell Biology

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