Critical appraisal of the role of fingolimod in the treatment of multiple sclerosis

Clemens Warnke, Olaf Stüve, Hans Peter Hartung, Anna Fogdell-Hahn, Bernd C. Kieseier

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

This review summarizes Phase III clinical trial data available for fingolimod. The main purpose is to evaluate the benefit-risk profile of fingolimod, the first oral compound available for treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS) and just recently approved by the European authorities. The authors place this evaluation in the context of the known safety and efficacy profile of established compounds for therapy of MS to outline the current and future potential of fingolimod. The authors conclude that only long-term safety data from post-marketing surveillance plans, together with additional head-to-head studies, would allow evidence-based treatment decisions. Furthermore, risk-profile analyses including patient history, exposure data to certain pathogens, and genetic analyses may potentially help to choose the right drug for individual patients in the future. Until these approaches toward an individualized medicine have been validated, treatment decisions for one or the other compound will have to be based partly on class IV evidence. Therefore, a close dialog with the well-informed patient, secured by effective risk mitigation plans, is required to choose the compound.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)519-527
Number of pages9
JournalNeuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Volume7
Issue number1
StatePublished - Nov 16 2011

Keywords

  • FTY720
  • Oral drug
  • Spingosine 1-phosphate receptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

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