Cross-Cultural Differences in the Experience of Grandparent–Grandchild Relationships and Related Psychosocial Outcomes

Bert Hayslip, Ray M. Toledo, Craig E. Henderson, R. Mishelle Rodriguez, Daniela M. Caballero Vela

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations


This study examined grandchildren’s perceptions of the quality of their relationship with their grandmothers and how these perceptions relate to psychosocial outcomes. Eighty-two youth from Mexico and 99 youth from the United States aged between 13 and 16 participated. Results suggested that both cultures benefit in unique ways from positive relationship with their grandmothers. Yet, there were also differences in the relational experience of grandmother–grandchild relationships across cultures. Specifically, grandchildren in the U.S. sample reported higher relationship quality, relational competency, and self-efficacy than the grandchildren in the Mexico sample. Within the U.S. sample, relationship quality was associated with grandchildren’s relational competence, while in the Mexico sample, relationship quality was associated with self-efficacy. Limitations of the present study include restricted generalizability to other age groups and to grandfathers and that only one element of the grandparent–grandchild dyad was sampled. Longitudinal research will improve our understanding of the causal dynamics of grandparent–grandchild relationships.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalInternational Journal of Aging and Human Development
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018



  • aging
  • aging families
  • aging population
  • grandparenthood
  • interpersonal relationships

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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