Crosstalk between apoptosis and autophagy is regulated by the arginylated BiP/Beclin-1/p62 complex

Xinxin Song, Dae Hee Lee, Ashok Kumar Dilly, Young Sun Lee, Haroon Asif Choudry, Yong Tae Kwon, David L. Bartlett, Yong J. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Emerging evidence demonstrates that autophagy and apoptosis are interconnected and their interplay greatly affects cell death. However, the key regulators in this crosstalk remain elusive. Therefore, the role of N-terminal arginylated BiP (R-BiP)/ Beclin-1/p62 complex was examined in the crosstalk between apoptosis and autophagy during combination chemotherapy with mitomycin C and bortezomib using immunoblot, immu-noprecipitation, and cellular imaging assays in wild-type (WT) and genetically engineered colorectal cancer cells. In addition, the tumoricidal efficacy of the combinatorial treatment in a nude mouse tumor xenograft model of colorectal cancer was assessed. Bortezomib combined with mitomycin C synergistically induced cytotoxicity and apoptosis rather than autophagy. Mechanistically, this combination inactivated Akt and subsequently induced Beclin-1 (BECN1) dephosphorylation at Ser 234/295. Dephos-phorylation of Beclin-1 resulted in increased cleavage of Beclin-1 and disruption of the R-BiP/Beclin-1/p62 complex, which led to switching autophagy to the synergistic induction of apoptosis. Importantly, the combination significantly suppressed LS174T intraperitoneal xenograft tumor growth, induced Akt inactivation and Beclin-1 cleavage, and decreased autophagy in vivo. Moreover, the tumoricidal efficacy of the combinatorial treatment was less effective, in vitro and in vivo, in HCT116 tumors harboring a Beclin-1 caspase 8 cleavage site mutant knock-in. Implications: This study uncovers that the R-BiP/Beclin-1/p62 complex has an important role in the crosstalk between apoptosis and autophagy. The results also propose how mono-drug resistance can be overcome using potent combinations to improve anticancer therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1077-1091
Number of pages15
JournalMolecular Cancer Research
Volume16
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2018
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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