Cryptic DNA-binding domain in the C terminus of RNA polymerase II general transcription factor RAP30

Siyuan Tan, Karla Pfeil Garrett, Ronald C. Conaway, Joan Weliky Conaway

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

The C terminus of mammalian transcription factor RAP30 has been found to be a cryptic DNA-binding domain strikingly similar to the C-terminal DNA- binding domain present in conserved region 4 of members of the σ70 family of bacterial σ factors. This RAP30 domain shares strongest sequence similarity with the DNA-binding domain present in region 4 of Bacillus subtilis sporulation-specific σ(K). Like the region 4 DNA-binding activity of Escherichia coli σ70, the RAP30 C-terminal DNA binding activity is masked in intact RAP30 but is readily detectable when the RAP30 C terminus is expressed as a fusion protein. Consistent with a role for RAP30 DNA-binding activity in transcription, mutations that abolish DNA binding also abolish transcription. Therefore, RAP30 may function at least in part through the action of an evolutionarily ancient DNA-binding domain that first appeared prior to the divergence of bacteria and eukaryotes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9808-9812
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume91
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 11 1994
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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