CUORE opens the door to tonne-scale cryogenics experiments

D. Q. Adams, C. Alduino, F. Alessandria, K. Alfonso, E. Andreotti, F. T. Avignone, O. Azzolini, M. Balata, I. Bandac, T. I. Banks, G. Bari, M. Barucci, J. W. Beeman, F. Bellini, G. Benato, M. Beretta, A. Bersani, D. Biare, M. Biassoni, F. BragazziA. Branca, C. Brofferio, A. Bryant, A. Buccheri, C. Bucci, C. Bulfon, A. Camacho, J. Camilleri, A. Caminata, A. Campani, L. Canonica, X. G. Cao, S. Capelli, M. Capodiferro, L. Cappelli, L. Cardani, M. Cariello, P. Carniti, M. Carrettoni, N. Casali, L. Cassina, E. Celi, R. Cereseto, G. Ceruti, A. Chiarini, D. Chiesa, N. Chott, M. Clemenza, D. Conventi, S. Copello, C. Cosmelli, O. Cremonesi, C. Crescentini, R. J. Creswick, J. S. Cushman, A. D'Addabbo, D. D'Aguanno, I. Dafinei, V. Datskov, C. J. Davis, F. Del Corso, S. Dell'Oro, M. M. Deninno, S. Di Domizio, V. Dompè, M. L. Di Vacri, L. Di Paolo, A. Drobizhev, L. Ejzak, R. Faccini, D. Q. Fang, G. Fantini, M. Faverzani, E. Ferri, F. Ferroni, E. Fiorini, M. A. Franceschi, S. J. Freedman, S. H. Fu, B. K. Fujikawa, R. Gaigher, S. Ghislandi, A. Giachero, L. Gironi, A. Giuliani, L. Gladstone, J. Goett, P. Gorla, C. Gotti, C. Guandalini, M. Guerzoni, M. Guetti, T. D. Gutierrez, E. E. Haller, K. Han, E. V. Hansen, K. M. Heeger, R. Hennings-Yeomans, K. P. Hickerson, R. G. Huang, H. Z. Huang, M. Iannone, L. Ioannucci, J. Johnston, R. Kadel, G. Keppel, L. Kogler, Yu G. Kolomensky, A. Leder, C. Ligi, K. E. Lim, R. Liu, L. Ma, Y. G. Ma, C. Maiano, M. Maino, L. Marini, M. Martinez, C. Martinez Amaya, R. H. Maruyama, D. Mayer, R. Mazza, Y. Mei, N. Moggi, S. Morganti, P. J. Mosteiro, S. S. Nagorny, T. Napolitano, M. Nastasi, J. Nikkel, S. Nisi, C. Nones, E. B. Norman, V. Novati, A. Nucciotti, I. Nutini, T. O'Donnell, M. Olcese, E. Olivieri, F. Orio, D. Orlandi, J. L. Ouellet, S. Pagan, C. E. Pagliarone, L. Pagnanini, M. Pallavicini, V. Palmieri, L. Pattavina, M. Pavan, M. Pedretti, R. Pedrotta, A. Pelosi, M. Perego, G. Pessina, V. Pettinacci, G. Piperno, C. Pira, S. Pirro, S. Pozzi, E. Previtali, A. Puiu, S. Quitadamo, F. Reindl, F. Rimondi, L. Risegari, C. Rosenfeld, C. Rossi, C. Rusconi, M. Sakai, E. Sala, C. Salvioni, S. Sangiorgio, D. Santone, D. Schaeffer, B. Schmidt, J. Schmidt, N. D. Scielzo, V. Sharma, V. Singh, M. Sisti, A. R. Smith, D. Speller, F. Stivanello, P. T. Surukuchi, L. Taffarello, L. Tatananni, M. Tenconi, F. Terranova, M. Tessaro, C. Tomei, G. Ventura, K. J. Vetter, M. Vignati, S. L. Wagaarachchi, J. Wallig, B. S. Wang, H. W. Wang, B. Welliver, J. Wilson, K. Wilson, L. A. Winslow, T. Wise, L. Zanotti, C. Zarra, G. Q. Zhang, B. X. Zhu, S. Zimmermann, S. Zucchelli

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The past few decades have seen major developments in the design and operation of cryogenic particle detectors. This technology offers an extremely good energy resolution – comparable to semiconductor detectors – and a wide choice of target materials, making low temperature calorimetric detectors ideal for a variety of particle physics applications. Rare event searches have continued to require ever greater exposures, which has driven them to ever larger cryogenic detectors, with the CUORE experiment being the first to reach a tonne-scale, mK-cooled, experimental mass. CUORE, designed to search for neutrinoless double beta decay, has been operational since 2017 at a temperature of about 10 mK. This result has been attained by the use of an unprecedentedly large cryogenic infrastructure called the CUORE cryostat: conceived, designed and commissioned for this purpose. In this article the main characteristics and features of the cryogenic facility developed for the CUORE experiment are highlighted. A brief introduction of the evolution of the field and of the past cryogenic facilities are given. The motivation behind the design and development of the CUORE cryogenic facility is detailed as are the steps taken toward realization, commissioning, and operation of the CUORE cryostat. The major challenges overcome by the collaboration and the solutions implemented throughout the building of the cryogenic facility will be discussed along with the potential improvements for future facilities. The success of CUORE has opened the door to a new generation of large-scale cryogenic facilities in numerous fields of science. Broader implications of the incredible feat achieved by the CUORE collaboration on the future cryogenic facilities in various fields ranging from neutrino and dark matter experiments to quantum computing will be examined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number103902
JournalProgress in Particle and Nuclear Physics
Volume122
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cryogenic temperatures
  • Dilution refrigerator
  • Low temperature calorimeter
  • Neutrinoless double beta decay
  • Rare event searches
  • Ton-scale detector

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'CUORE opens the door to tonne-scale cryogenics experiments'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this