Current concepts: Contact lens related Pseudomonas keratitis

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Despite the development of silicone hydrogel lenses, Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) continues to be the leading cause of contact lens related microbial keratitis. Understanding the pathogenesis of PA-mediated corneal infection is critical to the development of new prevention and treatment strategies. Recently intracellular invasion of surface corneal epithelial cells by PA has been revisited as an important element in the infection process. This review identifies the mechanisms involved, and examines the roles of the lens, hypoxia alone, PA stain, cystic fibrosis transmembrane receptor protein (CFTR), and membrane lipid rafts in mediating intracellular invasion in both in vitro and in vivo conditions. Non-toxic blockade of raft formation in vitro or in vivo effectively abrogates PA internalization and may represent a unique, new strategy to prevent or ameliorate lens-related PA microbial keratitis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)94-107
Number of pages14
JournalContact Lens and Anterior Eye
Volume30
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2007

Keywords

  • Contact lens
  • Cornea
  • Cystic fibrosis transmembrane
  • Lipid rafts
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  • Receptor protein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Optometry

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