Significant advances regarding understanding the etiology and treatment of retinopathy of prematurity have occurred in the 50 years since its discovery. Nevertheless, there is still a great deal to be learned. In spite of major technological advances in neonatal care, retinopathy of prematurity is a multi-factorial disease and probably cannot be completely prevented. Early intervention in the diagnosis and management of these infants has greatly improved their visual prognosis. Further studies may help pediatricians and neonatologists to understand and control associated risk factors. Ophthalmologists must continue to examine these patients early and follow them closely to control the associated treatable aspects of the disease, such as strabismus and amblyopia.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Obstetrics and Gynecology