Current status of radiation therapy for the management of rectal cancer

William G. Rule, Jeffrey Meyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Neoadjuvant chemoradiation for stage II and III rectal adenocarcinoma patients is delivered on a routine basis. This treatment paradigm, built on decades of clinical study, is continuously evolving. While multiple radiosensitizers have gained a great deal of interest over the past couple of decades, 5-fluorouracil still remains as the standard radiosensitizing agent. Longcourse preoperative chemoradiotherapy is the current standard of care in the Unites States, but short-course hypofractionated preoperative radiotherapy is advocated by some investigators. This review will discuss the current standard of care in the preoperative setting for patients with rectal cancer and will also examine the novel ways in which investigators are modifying this regimen in an effort to improve patient outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)331-343
Number of pages13
JournalCritical reviews in oncogenesis
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 5 2012

Keywords

  • Chemoradiation
  • Radiotherapy
  • Rectal cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research

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