Current trends in image-guided chest interventions

Kenneth K. Lau, Karin Steinke, Stephen Reis, Srinivas P. Cherukuri, Manfred Cejna

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Interventional radiology (IR) is a rapidly expanding medical subspecialty and refers to a range of image-guided procedural techniques. The image guidance allows real-time visualization and precision placement of a needle, catheter, wire and device to deep body structures through small incisions. Advantages include reduced risks, faster recovery and shorter hospital stays, lower costs and less patient discomfort. The range of chest interventional procedures keeps on expanding due to improved imaging facilities, better percutaneous assess devices and advancing ablation and embolization techniques. These advances permit procedures to be undertaken safely, simultaneously and effectively, hence escalating the role of IR in the treatment of chest disorders. This review article aims to cover the latest developments in some image-guided techniques of the chest, including thermal ablation therapy of lung malignancy, targeted therapy of pulmonary embolism, angioplasty and stenting of mediastinal venous/superior vena cava occlusion, pulmonary arteriovenous malformation treatment and bronchial artery embolization for haemoptysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)581-599
Number of pages19
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • bronchial artery
  • cancer
  • central vein occlusion
  • chest
  • embolization
  • interventional radiology
  • pulmonary arteriovenous malformation
  • pulmonary embolism
  • thermal ablation
  • thrombectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine


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