Cyclodextrin overcomes the transport defect in nearly every organ of NPC1 mice leading to excretion of sequestered cholesterol as bile acid

Benny Liu, Charina M. Ramirez, Anna M. Miller, Joyce J. Repa, Stephen D. Turley, John M. Dietschy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

112 Scopus citations

Abstract

A mutation in NPC1 leads to sequestration of unesterified cholesterol in the late endosomal/lysosomal compartment of every cell culminating in the development of pulmonary, hepatic, and neurodegenerative disease. Acute administration of 2-hydroxypropyl-/-cyclodextrin (CYCLO) rapidly overcomes this transport defect in both the 7-day-old pup and 49-day-old mature npc1-/- mouse, even though this compound is cleared from the body and plasma six times faster in the mature mouse than in the neonatal animal. The liberated cholesterol flows into the cytosolic ester pool, suppresses sterol synthesis, down-regulates SREBP2 and its target genes, and reduces expression of macrophage-associated inflammatory genes. These effects are seen in the liver and brain, as well as in peripheral organs like the spleen and kidney. Only the lung appears to be resistant to these effects. Forty-eight h after CYCLO administration to the 49-day-old animals, fecal acidic, but not neutral, sterol output increases, whole-animal cholesterol burden is reduced, and the hepatic and neurological inflammation is ameliorated. However, lifespan is extended only when the CYCLO is administered to the 7-day-old animals. These studies demonstrate that CYCLO administration acutely reverses the cholesterol transport defect seen in the NPC1 mouse at any age, and this reversal allows the sequestered sterol to be excreted from the body as bile acid.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)933-944
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of lipid research
Volume51
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2010

Keywords

  • Cholesterol balance
  • Inflammation
  • Liver
  • Lung
  • Lysosome
  • Macrophage
  • Neurodegeneration
  • Niemann-Pick type C
  • SREBP2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Cell Biology

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