The renovascular effects of cytochrome P450-dependent arachidonic acid (P450-AA) metabolites synthesized by rat and rabbit kidneys were studied in the rabbit isolated kidney under conditions of constant flow and examined for their dependency on cyclooxygenase relative to their expression of vasoactivity. Kidneys were perfused with Krebs-Henseleit solution, and perfusion pressure was raised to levels of 90 to 110 mm Hg with the addition of 2 to 3 μM phenylephrine to the perfusate. Close arterial injection of 1 to 20 μg of 5,6-, 8,9- and 11,12-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (EET) dose- dependently decreased perfusion pressure. The 5,6-EET was the most potent and the only epoxide dependent on cyclooxygenase for expression of vasoactivity, being inhibited by indomethacin (2.8 μM). In contrast, 14,15-EET resulted in dose-dependent increases in perfusion pressure. The vasodilator effects of the ω- and ω-1 oxidation products, 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (HETE) and the stereoisomers of 19-HETE, were also inhibited by indomethacin. Furthermore, the renal vasodilator responses to 5,6-EET were not inhibited by either superoxide dismutase (10 U) or catalase (40 U) and, therefore, were unrelated to the formation of oxygen radicals generated during transformation of the epoxide by cyclooxygenase. As 5,6-EET and 19- and 20-HETE are synthesized by the renal tubules and can affect movement of salt and water, expression of vasoactivity by P450-dependent arachidonic acid metabolites, and after release from a nephron segment, may represent a mechanism that couples altered renal tubular function to appropriate changes in local blood flow.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine