Cytochrome P-450 enzyme-specific control of the regio- and enantiofacial selectivity of the microsomal arachidonic acid epoxygenase

Jorge H. Capdevila, Armando Karara, David J. Waxman, Martha V. Martin, J R Falck, F. Peter Guenguerich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

114 Scopus citations

Abstract

Chiral analysis of the rat liver microsomal arachidonic acid epoxygenase metabolites shows enantioselective formation of 8.9-, 11,12-, and 14,15-cis-epoxyeicosatrienoic acids in an approximately 2:1, 4:1, and 2:1 ratio of antipodes, respectively. Animal treatment with the cytochrome P-450 inducer phenobarbital increased the overall enantiofacial selectivity of the microsomal epoxygenase and caused a concomitant inversion in the absolute configurations of its metabolites. These effects of phenobarbital were time-dependent and temporally linked to increases in the concentration of microsomal cytochrome P-450 enzymes. Reconstitution of the epoxygenase reaction utilizing several purified cytochromes P-450 demonstrated that the asymmetry of epoxidation is under cytochrome P-450 enzyme control. These results established that the chirality of the hepatic arachidonic acid epoxygenase is under regulatory control and confirm cytochromes P-450 IIB1 and IIB2 as two of the endogenous epoxygenases induced in vivo by phenobarbital.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10865-10871
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume265
Issue number19
StatePublished - 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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