Cytokine-Mediated Communication between Dendritic Epidermal T Cells and Langerhans Cells: In Vitro Studies Using Cell Lines

Koichi Yokota, Kiyoshi Ariizumi, Toshiyuki Kitajima, Paul R. Bergstresser, Nancy E. Street, Akira Takashima

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23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Murine epidermis contains two leukocyte populations: Langerhans cells (LC), which are APC of dendritic cell (DC) lineage, and dendritic epidermal T cells (DETC), which are members of the tissue-type γδ T cell family. Despite close physical approximation in vivo, the extent to which LC and DETC affect each other's function has remained unknown. We addressed this question using the long term DC line XS52 and the γδ T cell line 7-17, both of which were established from mouse epidermis, and both of which retain important features of the resident populations from which they were derived. XS52 DC proliferated maximally when cocultured with γ-irradiated 7-17 DETC. They also proliferated in response to culture supernatants collected from anti-CD3- or Con A-activated 7-17 DETC, but not from nonstimulated DETC. In both systems, DETC-induced XS52 DC growth was inhibited partially (up to 70%) by Abs against granulocyte/macrophage CSF (GM-CSF) or CD115 (CSF-1 receptor) and nearly completely (up to 90%) by both together. Among 28 tested cytokines, only GM-CSF, CSF-1, IL-4, and IL-13 promoted XS52 DC growth significantly. Anti-IL-4 failed to inhibit DETC-induced XS52 cell growth, and IL-4 was not detectable in DETC supernatants. Thus, we conclude that GM-CSF and CSF-1 (and perhaps IL-13) account for the DC growth-promoting activity secreted by DETC. These results suggest that during coculture, XS52 DC activate 7-17 DETC to secrete both GM-CSF and CSF-1. In fact, when cultured with XS52 DC, 7-17 DETC also elevated their expression of the γc receptor and acquired proliferative responsiveness to their own growth factor IL-15. We propose that LC and DETC in situ may interact with each other in a similar manner, thereby regulating their residence and function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1529-1537
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume157
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 15 1996

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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