Dantrolene is used for treatment of life-threatening hyperthermia, yet its thermoregulatory effects are unknown. We tested the hypothesis that dantrolene reduces the threshold (triggering core temperature) and gain (incremental increase) of shivering. Healthy volunteers were evaluated on 2 random days: control and dantrolene (≈2.5 mg/kg plus a continuous infusion). In Study 1, 9 men were warmed until sweating was provoked and then cooled until arteriovenous shunt constriction and shivering occurred. Sweating was quantified on the chest using a ventilated capsule. Absolute right middle fingertip blood flow was quantified using venous-occlusion volume plethysmography. A sustained increase in oxygen consumption identified the shivering threshold. In Study 2, 9 men were given cold lactated Ringer's solution IV to reduce core temperature ≈2°C/h. Cooling was stopped when shivering intensity no longer increased with further core cooling. The gain of shivering was the slope of oxygen consumption versus core temperature regression. In Study 1, sweating and vasoconstriction thresholds were similar on both days. In contrast, shivering threshold decreased 0.3 ± 0.3°C, P = 0.004, on the dantrolene day. In Study 2, dantrolene decreased the shivering threshold from 36.7 ± 0.2 to 36.3 ± 0.3°C, P = 0.01 and systemic gain from 353 ± 144 to 211 ± 93 mL · min -1 · °C-1, P = 0.02. Thus, dantrolene substantially decreased the gain of shivering, but produced little central thermoregulatory inhibition.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Anesthesia and analgesia|
|State||Published - May 2004|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine