DASC, a sensitive classifier for measuring discrete early stages in clathrin-mediated endocytosis

Xinxin Wang, Zhiming Chen, Marcel Mettlen, Jungsik Noh, Sandra L Schmid, Gaudenz Danuser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Clathrin-mediated endocytosis (CME) in mammalian cells is driven by resilient machinery that includes >70 endocytic accessory proteins (EAP). Accordingly, perturbation of individual EAPs often results in minor effects on biochemical measurements of CME, thus providing inconclusive/misleading information regarding EAP function. Live-cell imaging can detect earlier roles of EAPs preceding cargo internalization; however, this approach has been limited because unambiguously distinguishing abortive-clathrin coats (ACs) from bona fide clathrin-coated pits (CCPs) is required but unaccomplished. Here, we develop a thermodynamics-inspired method, “disassembly asymmetry score classification (DASC)”, that unambiguously separates ACs from CCPs without an additional marker. After extensive verification, we use DASC-resolved ACs and CCPs to quantify CME progression in 11 EAP knockdown conditions. We show that DASC is a sensitive detector of phenotypic variation in CCP dynamics that is orthogonal to the variation in biochemical measurements of CME. Thus, DASC is an essential tool for uncovering the function of individual EAPs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalUnknown Journal
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 29 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

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