Background Brain-dead pediatric donors have always been the focus of attention because of the higher quality, utility, and possibility of their organ donation. However, donors under the age of 5 years always necessitate making more challenging management efforts, which are not clearly implied in most parts of the guidelines. Methods The data obtained from 79 brain-dead pediatric donors of the Organ Procurement Unit of Masih Daneshvari Hospital, Tehran, Iran, were assessed. The donors were divided into 2 groups, including donors under 5 years of age (group A) and those between 5 and 12 years of age (group B). Metabolic, hemodynamic, hematologic, and electrolyte status as well as the suitability for donation were compared in the study groups. Results Of 1252 donors, 6.3% were under 12 years of age. Trauma and drug toxicity were the two primary causes of brain death in group A. In comparison, trauma and brain tumor were the leading causes of brain death in group B. The prevalence of both hyperglycemia and respiratory acidosis was significantly higher in group A (P <.05). However, severe anemia and coagulopathy were more prevalent in group B (P <.05). The high-dose inotropic administration was used for 42.4% of the donors in group A, whereas only 26% of the donors in group B needed a high dose of inotropes (P <.05). The mean quantity of organ harvested per donor was 2.1 and 2.25 in groups A and B, respectively. Furthermore, donor loss was not significantly different in both groups. Conclusions The occurrence of different complications in donors under the age of 5 years requires special treatment considerations that should be the center of attention in the related guidelines. Organ donation per donor indicates that donors under the age of 5 years are a valuable resource for organ procurement.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|State||Published - Oct 2017|
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