Decreased 6 mercaptopurine retention by two resistant variants of mouse neuroblastoma with normal hypoxanthine guanine phosphoribosyltransferase activities

F. Baskin, R. N. Rosenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

In an effort to propose more effective chemotherapeutic regimens for the treatment of neuroblastoma, the authors have characterized mouse neuroblastoma variants whose growth in tissue culture is resistant to antimetabolites. They report the partial characterization of two lines resistant to 6 mercaptopurine (6 MP). Concentrations of drug required to inhibit their growth rates 50% are 110 and 575 fold higher, respectively than that inhibiting the sensitive parental clone. Unlike most 6 MP resistant cell lines described previously, both neuroblastoma populations display normal activities of hypoxanthine guanine phosphoribosyltransferase but greatly reduced accumulation of 14C labeled 6 MP. Drug accumulation was inhibited by adenine, blocked by dinitrophenol but not ouabain and strongly temperature dependent suggesting a need for cytoplasmic phosphoribosylation. Possible mechanisms for this reduction in 6 MP retention are discussed. Importantly, eight clones isolated in 6 MP free media from the 100 fold resistant population of cells demonstrated quantitatively identical growth inhibition at all drug concentrations tested suggesting that the original 110 fold resistant neuroblastoma population was homogenous with respect to its mechanisms of resistance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)293-300
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Volume193
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1 1975

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology

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